As Photovoltaic cell and module manufacturing methods continue to evolve, achieving superior thermal process performance remains a common theme. Excessive variation in temperature due to:

  • system hysteresis
  • poor recovery response
  • sensor location error
  • heat source non-uniformity

can lead to a myriad of problems including warped or broken substrates, inconsistent layer thickness during deposition, poor penetration during diffusion or incomplete chemical reactions. All of these issues can lead to increased takt times, lower yields and increased cost per module. Watlow® can provide the thermal engineering know-how combined with a complete suite of thermal products to solve your most demanding applications.